How Do to Start a Fish Farm in Nigeria?
Fish Farming Business in Nigeria
Whether you’re planning to start a small scale fish farming or a gigantic commercial fish farming in Nigeria, follow these 9 steps to get started;
How Do to Start a Fish Farm in Nigeria?
*Get a good location for your farm
A good source of water
Choose the appropriate fish pond
Decide the right species of fish for you
Get healthy fingerling or juveniles
Understand fish feeds & feeding
Start Marketing your fish before they grow-up
Be business minded
Get good and practical fish farming training
Let’s get into details;
Get a Good Location for Your Fish farming Business.
You need to first decide whether you’re starting your fish business on a small scale or you’re going big.
If you’re starting a small scale fish farm, you may decide to start at your backyard with tank but if you’re going big, you may need to buy or rent one or few fish ponds (earthen or concrete ponds) outside your home.
Get a Good Source of Water for Your Fish
How important is water to a fish? Just as oxygen is important to you. Take a fish out of water and it becomes helpless and dying.
Put it in a bad water and you`re affecting its growth and productivity (though “bad” water varies, depending on the kind of fish we are talking about. Some fish live in rough water while others cannot).
My point here is, you’ll need good source of water for your fish. Also note that what we humans consider a “Good Water” is not what fishes consider good water.
Take for instance, we can drink government treated water but such water could be poisonous to the fish because of the chemicals used to treat the water for human consumption.
How much will the water be?
Here is a question you alone can answer. I know a man few years ago who had his fish farm at the back of his house.
He can easily use the well of his house to satisfy these few fishes. How can a man with huge earthen fish pond do this?
The size of your intending fish farm determines the quantity of water needed. If you’re starting a small scale fish business, you may be comfortable with a nearby well.
If however you’re starting fish farming in Nigeria as a big business venture, then, you’ll need a strong well or bore hole and water storage tank.
Choose The Right Fish Pond or Plastic Tank for Housing Your Fish.
I compared water with oxygen in my above analogy. Here I’m talking about housing your fish.
Just like you, your fish needs a comfortable place to live. The more natural and comfortable the fish pond is, the better for them.
There are two popular fish housing system… backyard plastic tank or pond.
Plastic tank may be good for you if you’re just starting fish farming in Nigeria (especially on a small scale).
This small scale medium will help you to be familiar with the nature of the fishery business, before you’ll extend your market reach.
Fish pond sizes are also different.
Fish ponds are of various sizes and their cost is vary, depending on your environment and need.
What should you do? Move out.
Visit fish farms around you. Visit fish feeds seller. Visit some experienced bricklayers. Ask questions. Ask questions. Ask questions.
The reason why I advise you to go out this way is because, these people will give you the best advice that can be useful to you in that environment, since they are in your vicinity.
If you can’t do this, you can contact us so that we’ll use experienced farmers to help you on this.
After we have provided oxygen and house for our dear fish, what next?
Decide The Right Species of Fish to Farm
As briefly stated before, there are hundreds (if not thousands) of species in the fish family.
This means you as a potential fish farmer have to decide which species to choose as you’re starting your own fish farming business in Nigeria.
There are so many funny fishes like; Hypsurus caryi, Heterostichus rostratus, Hermosilla azurea, Halichoeres semicinctus, Gymnocorymbus ternetzi, Ginglymostoma cirratum, Galeocerdo cuvier, Embiotoca jacksoni, Echeneis naucrates, Ctenopoma acutirostre, Chromis viridis etc.
However, you’re likely to be fine with catfish (or Tilapia, in a rare occasion) and getting Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus bidorsalis, Clarias X Heterobranchus hybrid (Heteroclarias) and Clarias nigro-digitatus or Heterobranchus could be alright
Get Healthy Juveniles
Juveniles are the little fishes you’ll need to grow to table-size.
Ordinarily we have what we call Fry, which is the development stage of fish immediately after the larvae stage, at an age of less than a week.
We also have what we call Fingerling which is the development stage of fish following the fry stage and continuing into the first three to four months of life.
We as well have yearling which is the development stage of fish following the fingerling stage and lasting until approximately one year of age.
The development stage of a fish after fingerling is what we refer to as juvenile.
The best practice if you’re just starting a fish farm in Nigeria is to buy juveniles as this will save you from the headaches of much mortality you may experience from fingerlings.
The most commonly seen catfish species in Nigeria are; Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus bidorsalis, Clarias X Heterobranchus hybrid (Heteroclarias) and Clarias nigro-digitatus. Heterobranchus
Just as if everything else must be prepared before the fish itself, yes. There are fish farmers that specialize in hatching fingerlings and selling juveniles.